Diabetes and foot care

Date : 6-Sep-2023
Author : Dr. Mohammed Tauseef


Diabetes is a complex condition that affects various parts of the body, including the feet. Poorly managed diabetes can lead to foot complications, making foot care a crucial aspect of diabetes management. In this blog, we'll explore why foot care is essential for individuals with diabetes and provide practical tips to keep your feet healthy.

The Diabetes-Foot Connection

Diabetes can have a profound impact on the feet due to several factors:

  1. Reduced Blood Flow: High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the feet. This can lead to poor wound healing and an increased risk of infections.
  2. Neuropathy: Diabetes can cause peripheral neuropathy, a condition that damages the nerves in the feet. This can result in reduced sensation, making it challenging to detect injuries or infections.
  3. Increased Risk of Infections: Weakened immunity and poor circulation make individuals with diabetes more susceptible to foot infections.
  4. Ulcers and Amputations: Left untreated, foot problems can progress to ulcers, which may require amputation in severe cases.
  5. Deformities: Diabetes can lead to changes in the structure of the feet, such as Charcot foot, which can cause deformities and instability.

Now that we understand the connection between diabetes and foot health, let's discuss some essential foot care practices.

Tips for Diabetes Foot Care

  1. Daily Foot Inspection: Check your feet every day for any signs of redness, blisters, cuts, or sores. Use a mirror to see the bottom of your feet if needed. Catching problems early can prevent complications.
  2. Wash and Dry Properly: Clean your feet with lukewarm water and mild soap. Pat them dry gently, especially between the toes, to prevent fungal infections.
  3. Moisturize: Apply a moisturizing cream to keep the skin on your feet soft and prevent cracking. Avoid applying cream between your toes, as moisture in this area can promote fungal growth.
  4. Trim Nails Carefully: Cut your toenails straight across to avoid ingrown nails. If you have difficulty trimming your nails or if you notice any problems, consult a podiatrist.
  5. Wear Proper Footwear: Choose comfortable shoes that fit well and provide support. Avoid tight or pointy shoes that can cause pressure points. Break in new shoes gradually to prevent blisters.
  6. Protect Your Feet: Never go barefoot, even indoors. Wear socks and shoes to protect your feet from injury. Check the insides of your shoes for foreign objects before putting them on.
  7. Manage Blood Sugar: Keep your blood sugar levels within your target range as recommended by your healthcare provider. Better control can help prevent complications that affect your feet.
  8. Regular Checkups: Schedule regular foot exams with a podiatrist or healthcare professional specializing in diabetes. They can assess your foot health and provide guidance on any potential issues.


Diabetes and foot care go hand in hand. By adopting a proactive approach to foot health, individuals with diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of complications and maintain an active, healthy lifestyle. Remember that diabetes management is a holistic endeavor, and proper foot care is just one piece of the puzzle. Consult with your healthcare team for personalized guidance on managing your diabetes and maintaining the health of your feet.

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